Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs within children. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, usually occurring after age 45. Complications include: blindness, kidney disease, amputations, heart attack and stroke.
Prevalence in African Americans:
* Approximately 2.3 million African Americans have diabetes. 1/3 of
them do not know it.
* African Americans are 1.7 times more like to have diabetes, than
* 25% of African Americans between the ages of 65 and 74 have
* 1 in 4 African American women over 55 years of age have
Prevalence in Native Americans:
* Native Americans have the highest rates of diabetes in the
* Type 2 diabetes among Native Americans is 12.2% for those over
19 years of age.
* Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions among Native
Americans. Complications from diabetes are major causes of
death and health problems in most Native American populations.
* Amputations among Native Americans are 3-4 times higher than
the general population.
Prevalence in Hispanics/Latinos:
* Type 2 diabetes is 2 times higher in Latinos than in Non-Latino
* 1.2 million of all Mexican Americans have diabetes.
* Nearly 16% of Cuban Americans in the U.S. between the ages of
45-74 have diabetes.
* Approximately 24% of Mexican Americans in U.S. and 26% of
Puerto Ricans between the ages of 45-75 have diabetes.
Diabetes Source: American Diabetes Association